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martes, 10 de diciembre de 2013

562 literatos destacados de 81 países condenan el espionaje cibernético

El espionaje cibernético de los datos personales de los ciudadanos por el Estado "es un robo", sostiene una petición abierta firmada por los escritores más famosos del mundo, cinco premios Nobel de Literatura incluidos.



"Estos datos no son una propiedad pública, nos pertenecen a nosotros. Cuando los usan para predecir nuestro comportamiento, nos privan de una voluntad libre, un principio crucial para una libertad democrática. (…) La vigilancia hace transparente al individuo, mientras que el Estado y las corporaciones operan en secreto", destaca el documento titulado 'A favor de la democracia en la era digital' y publicado este 10 de diciembre, Día internacional de los Derechos Humanos, en change.org

Por el momento la petición lleva la firma de 562 personalidades destacadas de la literatura contemporánea de 81 países, incluidos los Nobel Orhan Pamuk, John Maxwell Coetzee, Elfriede Jelinek, Günter Grass y Tomas Tranströmer. Entre otros han firmado también Umberto Eco, Margaret Atwood, Don DeLillo, Nawal al Sadawi, David Grossman, Javier Marías, Juan Goytisolo, João Ubaldo Ribeiro y la cantante islandesa Björk.

"Una sociedad vigilada ya no es una democracia", sostiene la petición presentada en respuesta a las filtraciones del excolaborador de la CIA Edward Snowden sobre la masiva vigilancia de diferentes servicios secretos a la gente común. "Demandamos el derecho de todos los ciudadanos democráticos de determinar hasta qué grado sus datos personales pueden recabarse, almacenarse y procesarse y por quién; de saber cómo se usan estos datos y de conseguir que sean eliminados en caso de haber sido recogidos ilegalmente", dice. La carta abierta pide a la ONU la creación de una Ley Internacional del Derecho Digital.


http://actualidad.rt.com/sociedad/view/113768-escritores-protesta-espionaje-nsa



MENSAJE ORIGINAL EN INGLÉS:
On International Human Rights Day, 562 authors, including 5 Nobel Prize laureates, from over 80 countries have joined together to launch an appeal in defense of civil liberties against surveillance by corporations and governments. 5 Nobel Prize Winners have signed: Orhan Pamuk, J.M. Coetzee, Elfriede Jelinek, Günter Grass and Tomas Tranströmer. Also among the signatories are Umberto Eco, Margaret Atwood, Don DeLillo, Daniel Kehlmann, Nawal El Saadawi, Arundhati Roy, Henning Mankell, Richard Ford, Javier Marias, Björk, David Grossman, Arnon Grünberg, Angeles Mastretta, Juan Goytisolo, Nuruddin Farah, João Ribeiro, Victor Erofeyev, Liao Yiwu and David Malouf.
This global pledge was organized by an independent international group of authors -  Juli Zeh, Ilija Trojanow, Eva Menasse, Janne Teller, Priya Basil, Isabel Cole, and Josef Haslinger. On Dec 10 it is published in 30 news papers all around the world:
In recent months, the extent of mass surveillance has become common knowledge. With a few clicks of the mouse the state can access your mobile device, your e-mail, your social networking and Internet searches. 
It can follow your political leanings and activities and, in partnership with Internet corporations, it collects and stores your data, and thus can predict your consumption and behaviour. 
The basic pillar of democracy is the inviolable integrity of the individual. Human integrity extends beyond the physical body. In their thoughts and in their personal environments and communications, all humans have the right to remain unobserved and unmolested. 
This fundamental human right has been rendered null and void through abuse of technological developments by states and corporations for mass surveillance purposes.
A person under surveillance is no longer free; a society under surveillance is no longer a democracy.
To maintain any validity, our democratic rights must apply in virtual as in real space.
* Surveillance violates the private sphere and compromises freedom of thought and opinion. 
* Mass surveillance treats every citizen as a potential suspect. It overturns one of our historical  triumphs, the presumption of innocence. 
* Surveillance makes the individual transparent, while the state and the corporation operate in secret. As we have seen, this power is being systemically abused.
* Surveillance is theft. This data is not public property: it belongs to us. When it is used to predict our behaviour, we are robbed of something else: the principle of free will crucial to democratic liberty.
WE DEMAND THE RIGHT for all people to determine, as democratic citizens, to what extent their personal data may be legally collected, stored and processed, and by whom; to obtain information on where their data is stored and how it is being used; to obtain the deletion of their data if it has been illegally collected and stored.
WE CALL ON ALL STATES AND CORPORATIONS to respect these rights.
WE CALL ON ALL CITIZENS to stand up and defend these rights.
WE CALL ON THE UNITED NATIONS to acknowledge the central importance of protecting civil rights in the digital age, and to create an International Bill of Digital Rights. 
WE CALL ON GOVERNMENTS to sign and adhere to such a convention.

Initiators:
Juli Zeh Germany
Ilija Trojanow Germany
Eva Menasse Germany
Janne Teller Denmark
Priya Basil UK
Isabel Fargo Cole USA
Josef Haslinger Austria

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